Malawi

 

 

Malawi is also called “the warm heart of Africa”. The few tourists who go there,
soon understand why: Malawians are exceptionally friendly and peaceful people.
In Malawi, a distinction is made between 13 different cultural and language groups. The biggest group are the Chewa, who make up over a third of the population.
Approximately 18.6 million people live in Malawi. 45% are under 15.
By 2045, the population will have more than doubled. (Source: United Nations)
The rapid population growth is having an impact on the food situation, the labor market, the power supply and social benefits.The life expectancy is 64 years. (Source: World Bank, 2015)

 

 

Malawi is a landlocked country in southeastern Africa. Neighboring countries are Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia. With an area of 118.484 km², Malawi is about one-third the size of Germany. A large part of this area is occupied by the Lake Malawi – the ninth largest and most fish-rich lake on earth.

In 1964 Malawi gained independence from the United Kingdom. Since then, it has remained one of the least African countries without civil wars and violent upheavals.

 

 

 

Malawi is one of the poorest countries in the world. Average Malawians earn about $ 300 per year per capita. (Source: World Bank)
Malawi’s economy heavily depends on donations. Development aid accounts for 20-30% of GDP – we are working on changing that. There is hardly any industry in Malawi. The main export commodity is tobacco. Children often work on the plantations.
Most Malawians live on subsistence agriculture. (Source: International Labour Organization)

The textile industry was once of great importance. By donating clothes from Europe to Malawi which get sold cheaply, this industry has been destroyed.

 

 

 

 

 

The literacy rate is indicative of the country’s low development: more than a third of over-15s can not read and write.

80% of children of school age go to school. The enormous shortage of teachers often leads to class sizes of more than 80 children, especially in village schools.